To many, it is surprising things have taken so long to boil over. Academics were the internet’s earliest adopters, with all the possibilities for cutting publishers out of the loop which that offers. And there have indeed been attempts to create alternatives to commercial publishing. Cornell University’s arXiv website (pronounced “archive”, the X standing in for the Greek letter “chi”) was set up in 1991. Researchers can upload maths and physics papers that have not (yet) been published in journals. Thousands are added every day. The Public Library of Science (PLoS) was founded in 2000. It publishes seven free journals which cover biology and medicine.
- car • bun • cle
- carbuncles (複数形)
3 [U]濃い赤褐色.4 （付近の景観と合わない）目障りな建物.英國 "卡[到]斑塊(Carbuncle)獎" 2013 年得主出爐. 
The Carbuncle Cup award for the worst new building 2013 "卡[到]斑塊獎" 就等同於台灣建築圈內馳名的"厚里豆獎".
Pronunciation: /ˈkɑːbʌŋk(ə)l/Translate carbuncle | into Italian
- Causing a burning sensation, as from contact with hot liquid.
- Boiling: scalding water.
- Scorching; searing: scalding sunlight.
- Harshly critical or denunciatory; scathing: a scalding review of the play.
- boils (複数形)
Carbuncle on buttock of a diabetic patient
- ab • scess
- abscesses (複数形)