2014年12月27日 星期六

abreast, docked,efficacious, hair of the dog,


Hair of the dog, Mongolian style.
 Hair of the dog, Mongolian style. Photograph: Alamy

It also took one most unusual step: Hours after troops quelled the protests, in which 156 people were reported killed, the state invited foreign journalists on an official trip to Urumqi, Xinjiang’s capital and the site of the unrest, “to know better about the riots.” Indeed, it set up a media center at a downtown hotel — with a hefty discount on rooms — to keep arriving reporters abreast of events.


 'Cut police pensions' for misconduct
Police officers should have to abide by a new code of ethics and those who commit serious misconduct should have their pensions docked, MPs say. 


hair of the dog

informal An alcoholic drink taken to cure a hangover.
[from hair of the dog that bit you, formerly recommended as an efficacious remedy for the bite of a mad dog]

Line breaks: ef¦fi|ca¦cious
Pronunciation: /ˌɛfɪˈkeɪʃəs 
  
/

Definition of efficacious in English:

ADJECTIVE

formal
(Of something inanimate or abstractsuccessful in producing a desired or intended resulteffective:this treatment was efficacious in some cases

Origin

early 16th century: from Latin efficaxefficac- (fromefficere 'accomplish': see effect) -ious.


Definition of dock

verb

[with object] (usually be docked)
  • deduct (something, especially an amount of money):their wages are docked for public displays of affection [with two objects]:he will be docked an hour’s pay
  • cut short (an animal’s tail):fifteen of the dogs had had their tails docked

noun

  • the solid bony or fleshy part of an animal’s tail, excluding the hair.
  • the stump left after a tail has been docked.

Origin:

late Middle English: perhaps related to Frisian dok 'bunch, ball (of string, etc.)' and German Docke 'doll'. The original noun sense was 'the solid part of an animal's tail', whence the verb sense 'cut short (an animal's tail)', later generalized to 'reduce, deduct'

abreast
adv.
  1. Side by side: ships docked two abreast.
  2. Up to date: keeping abreast of the latest developments.

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